Lugubrious, mournful

"Lugubre" is an Italian term that translates to "lugubrious" or "mournful" in English, conveying the meanings of "gloominess" or "solemnity".

In music, "lugubre" is an expression marking used to instruct performers to play with a mournful or gloomy quality, evoking a sense of darkness and solemnity.

In other words, when interpreting "lugubre", performers should aim to create a musical performance that conveys a sense of mournfulness and solemn atmosphere, allowing the audience to experience a musical ambiance that reflects the somber and melancholic nature of the piece being played.

Example of Lugubre

Franz Liszt ‒ La lugubre gondola, I & II, S200