A self-contained part of a musical composition or musical form
In music, a movement refers to a self-contained section or part of a larger musical work, such as a symphony, sonata, or concerto. It is a distinct and independent unit within the composition that often has its own musical character, structure, and thematic material.
A musical composition typically consists of multiple movements, each with its own unique musical ideas and development. Movements are usually separated by brief pauses or breaks and are identified by their numbering (e.g., "First Movement", "Second Movement", etc.) or descriptive titles (e.g., "Adagio", "Scherzo", "Finale").
Each movement within a composition can vary in length, tempo, mood, and style. They may explore different musical themes, harmonic progressions, and melodic ideas. Movements often have their own distinct form, such as sonata form, ternary form, or rondo form, contributing to the overall structure and coherence of the composition.
Movements can be contrasted with one another in terms of dynamics, tempo, instrumentation, and expressive qualities, creating variety and interest within the larger work. While movements are self-contained, they are also interconnected, forming a cohesive whole when performed or listened to consecutively.
It is worth noting that the concept of movements is primarily associated with classical music, particularly instrumental works such as symphonies, concertos, and chamber music. Other genres and styles, such as popular music or traditional folk music, may not adhere to the same structural framework of movements.