Concert Terminology

Musical Term
A shout of approval

Bravo is a term commonly used in music concerts and performances as a way to encourage and praise performers. It is usually uttered by the audience to express their admiration and approval of the performance. The term originally comes from Italian and is commonly used in the forms of Bravo (for male performers), Brava (for female performers), and Bravi (for multiple performers). In modern English, Bravo is typically considered a neutral term, but in some specific situations, such as opera performances, it is still regarded as a formal way of praise.

During a music concert or performance, when the audience feels that the performer's performance is splendid, they usually use Bravo to express their feelings. This term not only expresses appreciation and praise for music but also serves as a way for the audience to convey their emotions.

Concert Terminology
The pitch reference to which a group of musical instruments are tuned for a performance

Concert pitch, also known as concert tuning or A440, refers to the standard pitch used by musicians and orchestras around the world. It is defined as the pitch at which the note A above middle C vibrates at a frequency of 440 Hz.

Concert pitch is important because it allows musicians from different places and times to play together in harmony. When all instruments are tuned to the same pitch, they can create a cohesive sound that is pleasing to the ear.

Before the standardization of concert pitch, musicians tuned to a variety of pitches depending on the region and time period. This made it difficult for musicians to play together and required constant retuning of instruments.

Today, A440 is the most commonly used concert pitch, although some orchestras and musicians may use a slightly different tuning.

Concert Terminology
The leader of the first violins of an orchestra and by custom usually the assistant to the conductor

Concertmaster refers to the principal or lead violinist in an orchestra or chamber ensemble. They hold a prominent position within the ensemble and play a vital role in its performance.

The Concertmaster serves as the leader of the orchestra, working closely with the conductor to interpret the music and guide the ensemble's performance. They lead the string section and set the standard for musical expression, intonation, and phrasing. During rehearsals and performances, the Concertmaster plays an essential role in maintaining unity and cohesion among the musicians.

In addition to their leadership responsibilities, the Concertmaster often performs as a soloist within the orchestra. They play important violin solos and lead the string section in sections where the violins have prominent melodies or challenging passages. The Concertmaster's role as a soloist showcases their technical prowess and musical artistry.

The position of Concertmaster is typically held by a highly skilled and experienced violinist. They are selected through a rigorous audition process and are recognized for their exceptional musicianship, technical proficiency, and leadership abilities. The Concertmaster's expertise and musical sensitivity contribute significantly to the overall sound and artistic interpretation of the ensemble.

Concert Terminology
A music concert performed by a solo musician

Recital is a type of music concerts, usually referring to a solo performance by a musician (sometimes accompanied by other instrumentalists) where the repertoires would be more personalized, and typically lasts for about an hour.

Concert Terminology