Musical Term
A training system based on rhythm, solfège, and improvisation

"Dalcroze Eurhythmics", often referred to simply as "Eurhythmics", is a music education method developed by Swiss musician and educator Émile Jaques-Dalcroze (1865–1950). This approach focuses on the integration of rhythmic movement, ear training, and musical expression as a means of developing a deep understanding and connection to music.

Dalcroze Eurhythmics is built on the belief that physical movement and rhythm are fundamental to musical understanding and expression. It involves a holistic approach to music education, emphasizing the following aspects:

  1. Rhythmic Movement: Eurhythmics places a strong emphasis on rhythmic movement and physical expression. Students use their bodies to represent musical rhythms, meters, and phrases. Through movement, they experience the pulse and flow of music on a visceral level.
  2. Ear Training: The method prioritizes ear training and aural skills. Students develop the ability to recognize and reproduce musical elements such as pitch, rhythm, dynamics, and phrasing through active listening and imitation.
  3. Improvisation: Improvisation is a significant component of Dalcroze Eurhythmics. Students are encouraged to spontaneously create movement and music based on a given rhythm or theme. This fosters creativity and a deeper connection to musical elements.
  4. Music and Movement Integration: Eurhythmics integrates music and movement as inseparable components of musical expression. Movement becomes a tool for internalizing musical concepts and expressing them physically.
  5. Group Activities: Group activities are a hallmark of Eurhythmics classes. Students engage in collaborative exercises and games that promote teamwork, coordination, and a shared musical experience.

Dalcroze Eurhythmics is often applied to various age groups, from young children to adults, and it can be adapted to different levels of musical experience. It is used in schools, music conservatories, and community settings to enhance musicality, improve rhythmic accuracy, and develop a strong sense of musical expression.

A philosophy of education and a concept of teaching

The "Kodály Method" is a music education approach named after Hungarian composer and music educator Zoltán Kodály (1882-1967). This method focuses on developing students' musical abilities through singing, vocal training, and ear training, emphasizing foundational music education, ear sensitivity, and comprehensive musical development.

The Kodály Method is an effective music education approach that emphasizes cultivating students' perception and understanding of music while encouraging active participation in music creation and performance. The core principles of this method include:

  1. Singing and Vocal Training: The Kodály Method establishes a musical foundation through singing. Students learn about pitch, rhythm, and intervals through singing and engage in vocal training both in group and individual contexts. Singing allows students to directly experience the fundamental elements of music.
  2. Ear Training: The Kodály Method places a strong emphasis on developing students' ear sensitivity. Through listening to various musical pieces, students learn to discern different pitches, rhythms, and timbres. Ear training enables students to better understand and appreciate music.
  3. Gestures and Movement: The Kodály Method utilizes gestures and movements to help students grasp the rhythm and beat of music. These gestures and movements assist students in feeling the natural rhythm inherent in music.
  4. Games and Creation: The Kodály Method encourages students to engage in musical games and creative activities to learn music knowledge and skills in a playful manner. Students can compose simple melodies, rhythms, and experience the joy of music creation.

The goal of the Kodály Method is to make music education lively and engaging, enabling students to attain well-rounded development through their musical learning journey. This method is commonly applied in foundational music education, ranging from early childhood to school music curricula, as well as within music schools' education programs. The emphasis on collective singing, ear sensitivity, and musical experience contributes to students developing a deep understanding of music and acquiring proficient skills.

A traning system that based on the belief that music is a natural and fundamental part of human expression

"Orff Schulwerk", also known as "Orff Approach", is an innovative and holistic approach to music education developed by German composer Carl Orff (1895–1982). This pedagogical method aims to nurture creativity and musicality in students through active participation in rhythm, movement, singing, and playing various percussion instruments.

Orff Schulwerk is an influential music education approach that emphasizes the integration of music, movement, and speech to engage students in a dynamic and hands-on learning process. The approach is built upon several key principles:

  1. Creative Expression: Orff Schulwerk encourages students to express themselves creatively through music and movement. Students are given opportunities to improvise, compose, and collaborate on their own musical creations.
  2. Elemental Music: The approach introduces musical concepts gradually and organically, starting with basic rhythmic patterns, melodies, and movement. Students learn by experiencing the fundamental elements of music firsthand.
  3. Body Percussion and Movement: Movement and dance play a significant role in Orff Schulwerk. Students use their bodies as percussive instruments, creating rhythms and sounds through clapping, stomping, and body movements. This embodiment of rhythm helps develop a strong sense of timing and coordination.
  4. Percussion Instruments: Orff Schulwerk extensively uses pitched and unpitched percussion instruments, such as xylophones, metallophones, glockenspiels, and various unpitched drums and percussion items. Students learn to play these instruments individually and in ensembles, enhancing their ensemble skills and musical collaboration.
  5. Speech and Singing: Language and singing are integrated into the curriculum. Students learn songs, chants, and rhymes that are closely connected to rhythmic patterns and melodies. This approach helps develop vocal skills and encourages students to connect language with musical expression.
  6. Group Collaboration: Orff Schulwerk often involves group activities and collaborations. Students learn to work together in ensembles, creating music collectively and enhancing their listening and communication skills.

Orff Schulwerk is suitable for students of all ages and levels, from early childhood to adulthood. It is frequently used in schools, music education centers, and community settings as a comprehensive and engaging method to teach music concepts, foster creativity, and promote a strong sense of rhythm and musicality.

A training system based on the concept of the "mother-tongue approach"

The "Suzuki Method", also known as the "Suzuki Approach", is a music education method founded by Japanese violinist Shinichi Suzuki (1898-1998). This approach is based on the concept of learning music in a manner similar to acquiring one's native language, through listening, repetition, and active engagement, with the aim of developing musical skills and musicality in students.

The Suzuki Method is rooted in the belief that, just as children learn their native language through listening and imitation, students can develop proficient musical skills and expression through exposure to a rich musical environment. The approach emphasizes several key principles:

  1. Mother Tongue Learning: The Suzuki Method draws inspiration from the way children learn their native language. Students initially become familiar with music through listening and imitation before they begin reading sheet music. This approach prioritizes cultivating listening and imitation skills, allowing students to naturally acquire musical abilities.
  2. Early Start: The Suzuki Method encourages children to begin learning music from a very young age, including during early childhood. Early exposure helps lay the foundation for musical perception and skills.
  3. Parental Involvement: Parents play a pivotal role in the Suzuki Method. They guide and support their children's learning process. Parents actively participate in the learning journey, creating a positive learning environment.
  4. Repetition and Active Engagement: Students acquire skills gradually through repeated practice of pieces. Active participation helps them develop an understanding of and expression in music over time.
  5. Group Learning: The Suzuki Method often involves group classes, enabling students to learn, perform, and motivate each other. This collaborative environment cultivates teamwork and performance skills.

The Suzuki Method primarily focuses on teaching string instruments (such as the violin, cello, etc.), but its principles have also been applied to other instruments and areas of music education. This approach emphasizes a natural learning process, fostering students' passion for music, building their confidence, and enabling them to achieve long-term success in the field of music.