Vigorous, forceful

"Vigoroso" is an Italian term that translates to "vigorous" or "forceful" in English, conveying the meanings of "strength" or "intensity".

In music, "vigoroso" is used as an instruction to guide performers to play with a strong and energetic quality, evoking a sense of power and dynamism.

In other words, when interpreting "vigoroso", performers should aim to create a musical performance that conveys a robust and energetic demeanor, allowing the audience to experience a musical ambiance that reflects the powerful and intense nature of the piece being played.

Example of Vigoroso

Gerald Finzi, Clarinet Concerto op. 31, I - Allegro Vigoroso