"Poco" is an Italian adverb that translates to "little" or "slightly" in English. It's commonly used in music as a modifier to indicate a small or gradual change in various musical elements such as tempo, dynamics, or expression.

For example:

  • "Poco allegro" means "a little fast" or "somewhat brisk".
  • "Poco crescendo" means "a little increase in volume".
  • "Poco ritardando" means "slightly slowing down".

In these cases, "poco" is used to indicate a subtle or gradual adjustment, guiding performers to make a slight change while still maintaining the overall character and flow of the music.

Example of Poco

Franz Liszt - Consolation No. 2 (audio + sheet music)