"Dolente" is an Italian adjective that translates to "plaintive" or "sorrowful" in English, conveying the meanings of "grief" or "sadness".

In music, "dolente" is an expression marking used to instruct performers to play with a plaintive or sorrowful quality, evoking a sense of melancholy and emotional pain.

In other words, when interpreting "dolente", performers should aim to convey a musical performance that is characterized by a mournful and sad expression, allowing the audience to experience a sense of grief and emotional weight in the music, reflecting the poignant and somber nature of the piece being played.

Example of Dolente

Bellini: Dolente immagine di Fille mia