A performance given extempore without planning or preparation

"Improvisation" is a musical technique in which performance or composition does not rely on pre-written or rehearsed sheet music but is instead created and performed by musicians based on their immediate inspiration and musical intuition. This performance technique typically includes the following characteristics:

  • Spontaneity and Immediacy: Improvisation is spontaneous, with performers creating music in real-time during their performance. They do not rely on pre-prepared sheet music but rather draw from their emotions and inspiration at the moment.
  • Freedom: Improvisation often involves a degree of freedom, allowing performers to choose notes, rhythms, and chord progressions freely and alter the structure and content of the music on the fly.
  • Skill and Training: While improvisation is immediate, it requires performers to possess advanced musical skills and training, including knowledge of music theory, a sense of musicality, rhythm, and harmony.
  • Various Instruments and Music Styles: Improvisation can be applied to various instruments, including piano, guitar, violin, saxophone, and more. It is suitable for different music styles, including jazz, blues, rock, classical music, and world music, among others.
  • Interaction and Dialogue: In some contexts, improvisation may involve interaction and musical dialogue among multiple musicians. They can respond in real-time to each other's musical themes and emotions, creating a unique musical experience.

Improvisation plays a significant role in music, bringing vivacity, immediacy, and emotional richness to the music. Many musicians incorporate elements of improvisation into their performances, inserting improvised sections to showcase their musical talents and creativity. Additionally, in music genres like jazz, improvisation is a core element, where musicians often create stunning improvisational pieces in real-time.

Example of Improvisation

Improvisation at the train station in paris!