"Overture" is a type of musical composition typically found at the beginning of operas, ballets, plays, concerts, or other performances. Its primary purpose is to introduce the audience, establish the emotional tone, themes, and musical style of the forthcoming work. Overtures are usually standalone musical pieces, but they are related to the work that follows and often contain themes and musical elements that will appear in the subsequent work.
Overtures can have different styles and characteristics, depending on the nature of the work they accompany. Here are some common types of overtures:
Overtures hold a significant place in music, as they not only serve as an introduction to a musical work but also establish the emotional and thematic context. Many renowned composers, such as Mozart, Beethoven, Wagner, and others, have composed brilliant overtures that have become an integral part of their works and are often performed independently in concert settings.