Harmonic Minor Scale, Melodic Minor Scale, Natural Minor Scale
"Minor Scale" is a fundamental musical scale in Western music that imparts a relatively somber and melancholic sound compared to the major scale. It is widely used to create emotionally rich melodies and harmonies in music.
The construction of a minor scale follows a specific pattern of whole and half steps. A typical pattern for the natural minor scale is: whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole.
However, there are variations of the minor scale, such as the harmonic minor and the melodic minor. The harmonic minor scale introduces a half-step raise at the seventh note to create a more harmonious harmonic structure. The melodic minor scale raises at the sixth and seventh note while ascending and reverts to the natural minor scale's intervals when descending, resulting in a more expressive melodic effect.
The minor scale's sonic characteristics of sadness and melancholy make it a favored choice for expressing emotions and establishing emotional resonance in music. It is utilized across various musical genres, from classical to popular music, and even in jazz and electronic music.