Assai

Very, much

"Assai" is an Italian adverb that translates to "very" or "much" in English, conveying the meanings of "great extent" or "considerable degree".

In music, "assai" is used as a modifier to indicate that a particular element or quality should be emphasized significantly. For example, "allegro assai" would mean "very fast", indicating a much higher tempo than a regular "allegro".

In other words, when "assai" is used in musical notation, it instructs performers to apply the indicated quality or characteristic to a significant degree, allowing the audience to experience a heightened and pronounced musical element.

Example of Assai

Boston Baroque — Allegro assai from Mozart's Symphony No. 40 in G minor