A dance in triple metre, or the music written for such a dance

The Sarabande is a dignified dance form that holds a central place within Baroque dance suites. Originating from Latin America, it underwent transformations as it spread across Europe and became an integral part of Baroque music.

Key characteristics of the Sarabande include:

  • Tempo and Style: The Sarabande is recognized for its slow tempo and solemn style. Its measured and deliberate movements convey a sense of poise and gravity.
  • Meter and Rhythm: Typically, the Sarabande features a triple meter (3/4), accentuating a deliberate and expressive rhythmic pattern. This rhythm lends itself to its stately and measured character.
  • Structure: The Sarabande follows a binary structure, divided into two sections, often repeated. Its structured form highlights symmetry and balance.
  • Melody and Musical Traits: Sarabandes are characterized by their emotive and expressive melodies. The melodies often feature long, sustained notes that contribute to its introspective quality.
  • Expression: Sarabandes convey introspection and depth of emotion. They evoke a sense of contemplation and inner reflection, often resonating with melancholic or pensive sentiments.

The presence of the Sarabande within Baroque dance suites underscores its role in portraying dance forms and musical artistry of the era. Renowned composers, such as Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel, frequently incorporated Sarabandes into their suites, highlighting their significance in reflecting the cultural and musical spirit of the Baroque era. This dance form captures the profound and reflective qualities of Baroque music.

Example of Sarabande

Haendel - Sarabande