The process the performer/ensemble goes through in choosing tempo, dynamics, phrasing, articulation, tone, etc.
"Interpretation" in music generally refers to how a performer or musician understands and presents a piece of music. It involves translating the emotions, imagery, and meaning of a musical composition into the sound of music, allowing the audience to better comprehend and experience the piece.
Musical interpretation can vary greatly, and each performer imbues a piece with their individual style, emotions, and understanding of the composer's intent. Different performers might emphasize various musical elements such as rhythm, melody, harmony, and dynamics. They can make choices regarding tempo, volume, and tone to express their understanding of the piece.
Musical interpretation is an artistic process that requires a balance between technical prowess and expressive performance. Performers need to understand the composer's style, historical context, and convey those insights through their playing. This demands a deep understanding of music theory, aesthetics, as well as personal emotions and creativity.
The same piece of music can have different interpretations, making the world of music rich and full of possibilities. Audiences can gain better insight into a musical work and experience different emotions and perspectives by listening to various interpretations by different performers. This diversity of musical interpretation adds depth and resonance to the art of music.